A survey of the working environment in Estonia
All surveys will be conducted in accordance with the provisions of the ICC/E.S.O.M.A.R. International Code of Marketing and Social Research Practice.
The assessment of the quality of the working environment (occupational health and safety) in Estonian undertakings is based on two surveys: survey no. 1 is an interview of employers (top executives of undertakings); survey no. 2 focuses on interviewing workers.
The objective of survey no. 1 is to find out employers' assessment of:
The survey no. 1 will be carried out on the basis of standard CATI interviews from the CATI-centre of Emor, a market researcher. The questionnaire and the proportion of the sample will be prepared by a special software Ci3 WinCATI.
Interviews in undertakings will be conducted with the managing director (in large undertakings, respective head of a structural unit). Interviews will be based on a four-page questionnaire.
The respondents will be selected from a sample base drawn from the joint register of operating undertakings registered in the Commercial Register and the Estonian Enterprise Register. The undertakings' fields of business will be represented proportionally in the sample. As to the number of workers, non-proportional sampling will ensure that larger undertakings is also represented and that their data can be analysed separately. The data will then be weighted by the size of the undertaking according to the respective proportion in the standard sample.
The plan is to interview more than 400 undertakings in various parts of Estonia. The data will be generalised to the standard sample. The data collected in the survey will be grouped by the number of workers in an undertaking, field of business (primary, secondary and tertiary sector) and location (urban/rural).
The objective of survey no. 2 is to find out workers' assessment of:
Data collected in the survey of workers will be analysed by the following criteria: age and the position of the worker; field of activity of the undertaking; number of workers in the undertaking; place of residence and other possible criteria that may be interesting for the analysis.
The survey of workers will be conducted as the national bimonthly omnibus survey based on computerised CAPI interviews to take place at respondents' homes. The questionnaire of CAPI interviews is displayed on a laptop and data will be entered on site.
The omnibus survey targets all residents of the Republic of Estonia aged 15-74 (a total of 1,102,842 persons as of January 1st, 1999.)
The sample of the omnibus survey is 500 persons of whom 54-56 per cent are workers. Based on this consideration, questions on occupational health will be asked in three consecutive omnibus surveys to ensure a sample of around 800 respondents.
For the mapping of the conditions in workplaces will be carry out two questionnaires: one for the employees and the other for the enterprises( in February-March 2000).
All together will be examine 400 enterprises in Estonia.